The Principality of Monaco's
government is defined by the Constitution of December 17, 1962(amended by Law No. 1.249 of April 2, 2002) as an
hereditary, constitutional monarchy. Monaco is an independent and
sovereign State. The Prince is head of state and represents the
Principality on the world stage. Part of his role is to sign and ratify
treaties. Succession to the throne is in direct and legitimate descent
from the Prince with a priority given to male descendants. In cases where
there is no legitimate descendant, an adopted child can become a pretender
to the throne. The Hereditary Prince has full executive power from the age
of 21, until which date a Regency would be established. In specific areas,
the Prince is assisted in his decisions by consultative bodies : Crown
Council, State Committee.
Executive power is shared by a State
Minister and 5 Government Councillors, under the High Authority of the
Prince. The Government is assisted by consultative bodies : State
Committee, Economics Committee.
Legislative power is shared by the Prince
and the National Council. The Prince initiates laws, which are
subsequently submitted by the Government to the National Council for a
vote of approval. The power of promulgation is the Prince's
The Prince has judiciary power which he
delegates to the Courts and Tribunals. In Monaco, there is no Justice
Minister. Judges are independent and the judiciary is self-contained : The
Supreme Tribunal deals with constitutional matters, administrative legal
procedures and demarcation disputes between authorities.
Other degrees of juridiction are as
Civil Court, Court of Appeal, Revision
Court, Criminal Court.
Some jurisdictions are dedicated to specific
areas such as family, workplace, commercial contracts, ...
Administrative organisation of the
The communal Council
of 15 members elected for four-year terms by direct suffrage. Its
functions include town planning, district entertainment, preservation of
the Monaco's tradition.
The Crown Council
Council is designated by the Prince and consists of 7 Monegasque members.
The President and 3 members are chosen by the Prince alone, while the 3
remaining members are chosen amongst candidates put forward by the
National Council. Members meet at least twice a year to discuss important
affairs of state. The Crown Council has to be consulted for international
treaties, dissolution of the National Council, citizenship
The State Committee
Committee is a consultative body with 12 members appointed by the Prince.
On the Prince's request, the State Committee comments on government bills
and sovereign regulations.
The Economics Committee
Economics Committee consists of 30 members nominated by the Prince amongst
a list of people recommended by the Government, the Employers Federation
and the Employees Syndicat. The Economics Committee may advise the
Government on specific areas and generally facilitates the relationships
between the different parties.
The National Council
Council is composed of 18 members elected for 5 years by direct universal
suffrage by members of the Monegasque population aged over 21 years. This
body votes on bills and budgetary policies. Members meet for general
assembly twice a year and may be requested to meet for an extraordinary
session by the Prince or by the agreement of more than 2/3 of the Council
itself. Sessions are open to the public and a record of the debates is
published in the Official Journal of